AskDefine | Define facticity

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

facticity
  1. literally the quality or state of being a fact
  2. Philosophy: considered one's place, body, past, position, and fundamental relationship to the Other.
  3. The collection of "facts" and/or labels which are one half of a dichotomy between transcendence (of consciousness) and a person's facticity.

References

Taken from: The Hazel Barnes translation of Being and Nothingness. Key to special Terminology Co. 1984 Philosophical Library, Inc.

Extensive Definition

Facticity (French: facticité, German: Faktizität) has a multiplicity of meanings from "factuality" and "contingency" to the intractable conditions of human existence.
The term is first used by Fichte and has a variety of meanings. It can refer to facts and factuality, as in nineteenth-century positivism, but comes to mean that which resists explanation and interpretation in Dilthey and Neo-Kantianism. The Neo-Kantians contrasted facticity with ideality, as does Jürgen Habermas in Between Facts and Norms (Faktizität und Geltung). It is a term that takes on a more specialized meaning in 20th century continental philosophy, especially in phenomenology and existentialism, including Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Recent philosophers such as Giorgio Agamben, Jean-Luc Nancy, and François Raffoul have taken up the notion of facticity in new and interesting ways.

Heidegger

Heidegger discusses facticity as the thrownness (Geworfenheit) of individual existence. By this, he is not only referring to a brute fact, or the factuality of a concrete historical situation, e.g., "born in the 50's." Facticity is something that already informs and has been taken up in existence, even if it is unnoticed or left unattended. As such, facticity is not something we come across and directly behold. In moods, for example, facticity has an enigmatic appearance, which involves both turning toward and away from it. For Heidegger, moods are conditions of thinking and willing to which they must in some way respond. The thrownness of human existence (or Dasein) is accordingly disclosed through moods.

Sartre

In the works of Sartre, facticity signifies all of the concrete details against the background of which human freedom exists and is limited. For example, these may include the time and place of birth, a language, an environment, an individual's previous choices, as well as the inevitable prospect of their death. For example: currently, the situation of a person who is born without legs precludes their freedom to walk on the beach; if future medicine were to develop a method of growing new legs for that person, their facticity might no longer exclude this activity.

Further reading

  • Martin Heidegger, Ontology: The Hermeneutics of Facticity
  • Being And Time
  • Essays in Existentialism
  • Existentialism Is A Humanism
  • Being and Nothingness
  • Rethinking Facticity
facticity in Icelandic: Staðvera
facticity in Norwegian: Faktisitet
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